from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A red dyestuff once prepared from the dried bodies of various female scale insects of the genus Kermes.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. any of several insects of the genus Kermes
- n. Crimson dye made from the crushed bodies of these insects
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The dried bodies of the females of a scale insect (Kermes ilices formerly Coccus ilicis), allied to the cochineal insect, and found on several species of oak near the Mediterranean; also, the dye obtained from them. They are round, about the size of a pea, contain coloring matter analogous to carmine, and are used in dyeing. They were anciently thought to be of a vegetable nature, and were used in medicine.
- n. A small European evergreen oak (Quercus coccifera) on which the kermes insect (Kermes ilices, formerly Coccus ilicis) feeds.
- n. A genus of scale insects including many species that feed on oaks. The adult female resembles a small gall.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A red dyestuff consisting of the dried bodies of the females of one or two species of Coccus, especially C. ilicis, an insect found on various species of oak in countries bordering on the Mediterranean.
- n. [capitalized] [NL,] A genus of Coccinæ erected by Targioni-Tozzetti.
- n. Short for kermes-mineral, or, more properly, mineral kermes.
Carthamus tinctorius; and by the Hebrews from the Coccus ilicis, an insect which infests oak trees, called kermes by the
The Polifli berries, called kermes, are found adhering to the leaves, ftem, and branches, of a kind of ever-green of the oak genus; and are always gathered in May, before they are fully ripjC.
The geographical magazine, or, A new, copious, compleat, and universal system of geography [microform] : containing an accurate and entertaining account and description of the several continents, islands, peninsulas, isthmuses, capes, promontories, lakes, rivers, seas, oceans, gulphs, and bays of Asia, Africa, Europe, and America : divided into empires, kingdoms, states, and colonies, with the climate, situation, extent and boundaries of each ...
She gave me thread dyed with madder, when I had been weaving thread dyed with kermes, a more expensive dye and a richer crimson.
Had she sold the kermes thread and bought madder and kept the difference?
L'ECARLATE rouge, communement apellée écarlate de Venise, sera teinte avec la graine de kermes, sans aucun meslange de bresil; sous les peines portées par l'articles XIX.
Cochineal was, like kermes, an insect-based color source for red.
When a "student of manufactures" sent the to the Council of Commerce in Paris his outline of a treatise on dyeing, he offered his reflections on plant life from observation and combined them with his understanding of coloring sources. 7 He was inspired by the information that cochineal and kermes are animal colors, derived from insects that feed on certain plants; his objects were the insects he found in the garden.
Holland scarlet (Drebbel's red reference), a textile color based on cochineal in a tin mordant, was replacing the kermes - and alum-based Venetian scarlet as the most common, and the most desirable, bright red color. reference reference Holland scarlet-dyed cloth, a specialty of Dutch and English dyers was not regularly produced in France.
Again, these are not colors made from insects such as cochineal or kermes, but rather special colors that Schäffer had employed in the illustrations for his entomological treatise. 7
Its coloring source was madder root which, unlike kermes and cochineal, was cultivated throughout Europe.