from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The Romance language formerly spoken in and around Provence and Roussillon, developing into Provençal.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The dialect, closely akin to French, formerly spoken south of the Loire (in which the word for “yes” was oc); Provençal.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- A Romance dialect spoken in France south of the Loire in the middle ages.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. medieval provincial dialects of French formerly spoken in the south of France
But the movement developed rapidly into the ambition to endow the whole region with a real literature, to awaken a consciousness of race in the men of the south; these aims have been realized, and a change has come over the life of Provence and the land of the langue d'oc in general.
He hoped to see the langue d'oc saved from destruction, he strove against the invasion of the northern speech that threatened to overwhelm it.
They have regularized the spelling, and have deliberately eliminated as far as possible words and forms that appeared to them to be due to French influence, substituting older and more genuine forms ” forms that appeared more in accord with the genius of the langue d'oc as contrasted with the langue d'oil.
This dictionary makes order out of chaos, and although the language of the Felibres is justly said to be an artificial literary language, we have in this work along with the form adopted or created by the poet an orderly presentation of all the speech-forms of the langue d'oc as they really exist in the mouths of the people.
The Gallo-Roman dialects are divided into two groups, the dialects of the langue d'oc (southern) and those of the langue d'oil