from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun The flowering vine Piper longum in the genus Piper (pepper) of family Piperaceae, cultivated for its characteristically long fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun plant bearing very hot and finely tapering long peppers; usually red
  • noun slender tropical climber of the eastern Himalayas


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  • "Another spice often called for in medieval recipes is long pepper, which is not in fact related to black pepper. Its dried fruit is extremely pungent, black, and rather large, the size of dry catfood or kibble. Beyond East and South Asia it is now completely unknown, having dropped out of European cuisine by the eighteenth century. Zedoary, another aromatic root related to turmeric, has also vanished outside India, but it was mentioned in medieval European cookbooks and its aroma was thought sufficiently attractive for it to be included among the fragrant plants in the magical garden of love at the opening of the popular allegorical poem The Romance of the Rose."

    Paul Freedman, Out of the East: Spices and the Medieval Imagination (New Haven and London: Yale UP, 2008), 11-12.

    October 9, 2017