from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A white, crystalline, water-soluble, slightly sweet alcohol, C6H8(OH)6, used as a dietary supplement and dietetic sweetener and in medical tests of renal function.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. a polyhydroxy alcohol, an isomer of sorbitol, used as an artificial sweetener
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A white crystalline hexose (HO.CH2.(CHOH)4.CH2.OH) of a sweet taste obtained from a so-called manna, the dried sap of the flowering ash (Fraxinus ornus); -- called also mannite, and hydroxy hexane. Cf. dulcite. It is used in pharmacy as excipient and diluent for solids and liquids. It is also used as a food additive for anti-caking properties, or as a sweetener, and, illegally, to "cut" (dilute) illegal drugs such as cocaine or heroin.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Same as mannite.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a diuretic (trade name Osmitrol) used to promote the excretion of urine
And a few brands of pills may contain mannitol, an artificial sugar substitute, as an ingredient.
Over the course of two years, Collins and his colleagues administered antibiotics and a type of sugar called mannitol to mice with urinary-tract infections.
The technology, which combines human umbilical cord blood cells and a sugar-alcohol compound called mannitol, is expected to help in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease,
Some small studies suggested that treatment with a medication that helps "flush" the system (a diuretic called mannitol) was helpful if used early in the course of the illness; however, a 2002 double blind study (where both the patient and doctor are unaware if they received the medication or a placebo) showed no benefit from this treatment.
Osmotic agents, such as mannitol and hypertonic saline (3\%-23. 4\%) are often used to treat elevated ICP.
Gone are the mimetic almonds, made from an almond praliné and encased in a thin, hard shell of mannitol; they have been replaced with mimetic pistachios.
Various sugars, including mannitol, fructose and glucose, were combined with antibiotics and tested on Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).
IV mannitol (1g/kg over 30 to 45 minutes) has been used to decrease the neurologic and muscular symptoms associated with ciguatera poisoning. 10,15 Mannitol therapy has gained acceptance as the treatment of choice in ciguatera poisoning but it is also controversial whether it has any therapeutic benefit. 8,10,15,16 Gabapentin is also used for the treatment of ciguatera poisoning but its efficacy is questionable. 13
Schnorf, H, Taurarii, M, Cundy T. Ciguatera fish poisoning: A double-blind randomized trial of mannitol therapy.
Three other categories of sugars have also been found to cause absorption and fermentation problems in some people—including fructans that are found in wheat and rye, galactans that are found in legumes, and polyols, found in some fruits and in artificial sweeteners such as sorbitol and mannitol.