from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A twining eastern Mexican vine (Ipomoea purga syn. I. jalapa) having tuberous roots that are dried, powdered, and used medicinally as a cathartic.
- n. Any of several similar or related plants.
- n. The dried tuberous roots of these plants.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A cathartic drug consisting of the tuberous roots of Ipomoea purga, a convolvulaceous plant found in Mexico.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The tubers of the Mexican plant Ipomœa purga (or Exogonium purga) of the family Convolvulaceae, a climber much like the morning-glory. The abstract, extract, and powder, prepared from the tubers, are well known purgative (cathartic) medicines, and are also called jalap. Other species of Ipomœa yield several inferior kinds of jalap, as the Ipomœa Orizabensis, and Ipomœa tuberosa.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A drug consisting of the tuberous roots of several plants of the natural order Convolvulaceæ, that of Ipomæapurga being the most important.
- n. b) Ipomœa Jalapa, of the southern United States and tropical-America. See Mechoacan root, under root.
A great quantity of jalap, which is so much used in medicine, is obtained from this place.
I had also written pticularly to Dr. Goddard, Dr. Merret, & Dr. Whisler, Dr. Beniamin Worsley, & Dr. Keffler, concerning some vegetables of this country, & one especially w* "?" might be accounted a kind of jalap, but that it causeth to vomit as well as purge.
For inflammatory diseases of the heart, the bowels, if constipated may be moved with compound tincture of jalap.
There's a helpful recipe for purgative biscuits but first go pick your jalap.
And first she pulled all their teeth out; and then she bled them all round: and then she dosed them with calomel, and jalap, and salts and senna, and brimstone and treacle; and horrible faces they made; and then she gave them a great emetic of mustard and water, and no basons; and began all over again; and that was the way she spent the morning.
They found an opportunity to infuse jalap in one of her case-bottles; and she took so largely of this medicine, that her constitution had well nigh sunk under the violence of its effect.
His old fellow made his tin by selling jalap to Zulus or some bloody swindle or other.
Between his babble and having to totter into the bushes every half-mile while the troop tactfully looked the other way, I was in poor trim by the time we reached Nuggur Ford, where they slung me a hammock in a makeshift hospital basha, and a native medical orderly filled me with jalap.
He must have had a stomach like a dustbin liner because at least a third of the rum which I'd given him vas a mixture of jalap and colocynth, the most drastic purgatives known to the old nineteenth-century doctors — and they were experts in drastic purgatives, if nothing else.
The second quality, which was introduced into commerce is great quantities a few years ago, by the name of stalk jalap, is now more scarce, and obtained from the _Ipomoea orazabensis_ of Pelletan, a plant growing without cultivation in the neighbourhood of the Mexican town of Orizaba.
The Commercial Products of the Vegetable Kingdom Considered in Their Various Uses to Man and in Their Relation to the Arts and Manufactures; Forming a Practical Treatise & Handbook of Reference for the Colonist, Manufacturer, Merchant, and Consumer, on the Cultivation, Preparation for Shipment, and Commercial Value, &c. of the Various Substances Obtained From Trees and Plants, Entering into the Husbandry of Tropical and Sub-tropical Regions, &c.