Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun Extreme, persistent sadness or hopelessness; depression. No longer in clinical use.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun In pathology, a mental condition characterized by great depression combined with a sluggishness and apparent painfulness of mental action.
  • noun Same as melancholy, 2.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun (Med.) A kind of mental unsoundness characterized by extreme depression of spirits, ill-grounded fears, delusions, and brooding over one particular subject or train of ideas.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun Deep sadness or gloom; melancholy
  • noun Clinical depression, characterised by irrational fears, guilt and apathy

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun extreme depression characterized by tearful sadness and irrational fears

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Late Latin, melancholy; see melancholy.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Late Latin melancholia, which was in turn borrowed from the Ancient Greek medical term μελαγχολία (melankholia, "blackness of the bile").

Examples

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