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But castle design changed over the centuries in response to both innovations in warfare and politics, from motte-and-bailey to concentric design in the late medieval period to entirely decorative castles in the 19th century.
He had built a proper motte-and-bailey fortress over the ancient stones and taken a wife from one of the villages nearby, a maid of seventeen with the flamered hair and green eyes of a Celt.
Model of motte-and-bailey castle, from Wikimedia Commons
A magnificent example of a Norman motte-and-bailey castle, Carisbrooke Castle was built on an isolated chalk hill, which had previously been used as a high status burial ground in the 6th century.