Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun The functional excretory unit of the vertebrate kidney that regulates the amount of water in the body and filters wastes from the blood to produce urine.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun anatomy The basic structural and functional unit of the kidney, which filters the blood in order to regulate chemical concentrations, and thereby produces urine.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun any of the small tubules that are the excretory units of the vertebrate kidney

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[German, from Greek nephros, kidney.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Ancient Greek νεφρός (nephros, "kidney").

Examples

  • The nephron is the fundamental unit of the kidney, the parenchyma; it has three significant and distinct roles: filtration, reabsorption and secretion.

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  • - The nephron is a lipid membrane and in an the emergency department for the diagnosis of an alkaline environment more salicylate is intoxicated patient.

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  • The nephron is the fundamental unit of the kidney, the parenchyma; it has three significant and distinct roles: filtration, reabsorption and secretion.

    Conservapedia - Recent changes [en]

  • This is known as nephron-sparing surgery, or partial nephrectomy, and is commonly performed using traditional open surgery.

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  • The “particles,” I explained, were the protein in her urine, which had been allowed to flow through her damaged glomeruli, the little filtration units in every nephron of the kidney.

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  • Storage in the kidneys is associated primarily with the cells of the nephron (the functional unit for urine formation).

    Distribution of toxicants in the body

  • In some cases, large molecules (including some that are protein-bound) may be secreted (by passive transfer) from the blood across capillary endothelial cells and nephron tubule membranes to enter the urine.

    Excretion of toxicants

  • Secretion, which occurs in the proximal tubule section of the nephron, is responsible for the transport of certain molecules out of the blood and into the urine.

    Excretion of toxicants

  • The nephron has three primary regions that function in the renal excretion process, the glomerulus, proximal tubule, and the distal tubule.

    Excretion of toxicants

  • A considerable amount of the blood plasma filters through the glomerulus into the nephron tubule.

    Excretion of toxicants

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