from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A white crystalline acid, C5H4NCOOH, that is a component of the vitamin B complex found in meat, wheat germ, dairy products, and yeast and is used to treat and prevent pellagra. Also called nicotinic acid.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A water-soluble vitamin, a component of vitamin B complex, found in meat, yeast, and dairy products; it is essential to metabolism.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A B vitamin (vitamin B5) essential for the normal function of the nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract. Called also nicotinic acid and antipellagra vitamin. Chemical formula C6H5NO2, chemically it is 3-pyridinecarboxylic acid.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a B vitamin essential for the normal function of the nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract
However, by some sort of luck, this process also makes the vitamin niacin available from the grain, thus preventing pellagra (niacin deficency), a rather debilitating disease.
They did not know that as a result the corn meal they produced did not release the chemical niacin, a chemical nutrient essential to the body and especially to the nervous system (we call niacin vitamin B3).
Until recently, only exercise and mega-doses of the vitamin niacin have been shown to boost HDL levels.
Here is a resource list below of articles on the latest studies comparing niacin, that is vitamin B3 against prescription drugs.
And so they did a study comparing these expensive drugs to niacin, which is a B vitamin to see which would be better.
The best way to elevate your good cholesterol is exercise and niacin, which is a B vitamin that's actually first line therapy for high, bad cholesterol also.
Hubbard also states that the dose of niacin, which is given initially at 100mg a day, should be steadily increased.
In form of a "dietary supplement" comes another cholesterol lowering medication called niacin or nicotinic acid.
Vitamin B3, also commonly called niacin, is a member of the B-complex vitamin family whose discovery was related to work by the U.S.
In the study, Zetia, the brand name for ezetimibe, failed to shrink buildups in artery walls while a rival drug, Niaspan, generically known as niacin, did so significantly.