from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun The process by which heavier chemical elements are synthesized from lighter atomic nuclei in the interiors of stars, during supernova explosions, and in the early stages of the universe.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun physics, astronomy Any of several processes that lead to the
synthesisof heavier atomic nuclei.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun (astronomy) the cosmic synthesis of atoms more complex than the hydrogen atom
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
The earliest period we have good confirmation of is Big Bang nucleosynthesis, which is some minutes if memory serves after the Big Bang.
When atoms are smashed in colliders using particles like electrons, we don't really call that "nucleosynthesis" via fusion?
She was a co-author of the FCZ paper (“Thermonuclear Reaction Rates”) which was one of the main references for nucleosynthesis theory for a long time (as well as the principle author of the 1988 updated version of the same article, less than a decade before her death), and the primary author of “Combined Hydrogen and Helium Burning in the Core of a Population II Red-Giant Star” (co-authored with Fowler).
The Sun inherited its chemical composition from the interstellar medium out of which it formed: the hydrogen and helium in the Sun were produced by Big Bang nucleosynthesis.
You then say "Spallation is indeed a type of nucleosynthesis."
He actually believes that ALL nucleosynthesis (fusion and spallation) occurs in flares and the magnetic / electric fields either on the photosphere, below the surface of the photosphere, and in flares. (just ask and see the responses of his EU/PC mates sorley (avatared sometimes as Tim Erney) and Anaconda.)
This process is really radioactive – as the reactions do not make the sun shine – nucleosynthesis in the core via fusion does that.
Next we will be claiming radioactivity is nucleosynthesis!
He is just avoiding nucleosynthesis by fusion issue yet again.
What was the connection you had in mind when you mentioned both electric currents in the corona and nucleosynthesis in flares?