from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A system of medicine based on the theory that disturbances in the musculoskeletal system affect other bodily parts, causing many disorders that can be corrected by various manipulative techniques in conjunction with conventional medical, surgical, pharmacological, and other therapeutic procedures.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The branch of therapy based on manipulation of bones and muscles
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Any disease of the bones.
- n. A system of treatment based on the theory that diseases are chiefly due to deranged mechanism of the bones, nerves, blood vessels, and other tissues, and can be remedied by manipulations of these parts. Modern practitioners use the therapeutic and diagnostic techniques of modern medicine as well as manipulative procedures.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A theory of disease and a method of cure, advocated by Dr. A. T. Still, resting upon the supposition that most diseases are traceable to deformation of some part of the skeleton (often due to accident) which, by mechanical pressure on the adjacent nerves and vessels, interferes with their action and the circulation of the blood. As a remedy a form of manipulation is used.
- n. Any disease of the bones.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. therapy based on the assumption that restoring health is best accomplished by manipulating the skeleton and muscles
Chiropractic is sometimes confused with osteopathy, which is a recognized primary care medical profession with a holistic perspective.
Unlimited cover is available for certain forms of alternative medicine, namely osteopathy, podiatry and chiropractic treatment.
They should be advised on alternative forms of health care by their GPs - such as osteopathy - if they seem useful.
There is an unlimited payment for physiotherapy and other manipulative treatments such as osteopathy, podiatry and chiropractic treatment.
You state that "In the case of CAM, it's obvious that people (including medical and legal authorities) argue about whether its various components qualify as pseudoscience" No its not obvious at all (depending on what you mean exactly by CAMs, but I will talk here about the regulated professional CAMs such as osteopathy, chiropractic and acupuncture).
Andrew Taylor Still invented "osteopathy" based upon the theory that luxated bones interfere with blood circulation, producing all manner of diseases.
↑ Note the U.K. term "osteopathy" is not that of In the U.S., osteopathic physicians have the full training of "medical" physicians, with additional training that includes manipulative techniques.
The Journal identified Dr. Poroger, a doctor of osteopathy, as having suspicious billing patterns by mining the Medicare claims database, a computerized record of every bill submitted to the program.
As cancer occurs with imbalance in the body and then cancer treatments create side effects, improved internal functions through osteopathy can also strengthen the innate healing capacity.
Considering that in the UK you can now get osteopathy on the NHS, I would be very reluctant to recommend the Alexander technique for back pain.