from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun The upper of the two bracts that enclose each floret in a grass spikelet.
- noun A small bract at the base of a disc floret in some plants of the composite family.
from The Century Dictionary.
- noun In annelids, a flattened seta, as in
- noun In botany:
- noun One of the chaff-like bracts or scales subtending the individual flowers in the heads of many Compositæ chaff.
- noun The scales on the stems of certain ferns.
- noun The scale-like, usually membranaceous organ in the flowers of grasses which is situated upon a secondary axis in the axil of the flowering glume and envelops the stamens and pistil. It is always bicarinate and is usually bidentate. Also called
- noun In ornithology, a fleshy pendulous skin of the chin or throat, as the dewlap or wattle of the turkey.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun The interior chaff or husk of grasses.
- noun One of the chaffy scales or bractlets growing on the receptacle of many compound flowers, as the Coreopsis, the sunflower, etc.
- noun (Zoöl.) A pendulous process of the skin on the throat of a bird, as in the turkey; a dewlap.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun botany The
interior chaffor huskof grasses.
- noun botany One of the
chaffy scalesor bractletsgrowing on the receptacleof many compound flowers, such as the sunflower.
- noun zoology A
pendulous processof the skinon the throatof a bird, as in the turkey; a dewlap.
from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
The _third glume_ is broadly oblong, subacute or obtuse, 1-nerved, glabrous, with a palea as long as the glume; the _palea_ is 2-nerved, oblong and truncate at the apex.
The fourth _glume_ is white, coriaceous, smooth and shining, oblong, acute, shortly and broadly stipitate, with the margins folded inwards exposing only a third of the palea; _palea_ is similar to the glume in texture and marking.
The _fourth glume_ is ovate-lanceolate and abruptly narrowed above the middle, 5-nerved and paleate, palea is shorter than the glume but broader, 2-nerved and acute.
_flowering glumes_ are ovate, obtuse, as long as the second glume or slightly longer, sub-chartaceous, glabrous, three-nerved; palea is shorter than the glume, curved obovate oblong and persistent on the rachilla.
The third glume is very narrow, cylindric, coriaceous, convolute, acuminate, 3-nerved, tip produced into a long 3-partite, naked or hairy awn twisted below the branches, with a minute palea which is convolute round the ovary.
+ Paucapalea, perhaps the first disciple of Gratian, whence, it is said, the name "palea" given to the additions to the "Decretum"
The florets are enclosed by other specialized bracts (the lemma and palea).
Eustathii l. 3. aspectus amorem incendit, ut marcescentem in palea ignem ventus; ardebam interea majore concepto incendio.
Jacet granum opressum palea, justus caesus pravorum framea.
The _fourth glume_ is narrow, truncate, 3-nerved, paleate; the _palea_ is truncate and wrapped round the ovary.