Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun A cloak or mantle worn by the ancient Greeks and Romans.
  • noun Ecclesiastical A vestment worn by the pope and conferred by him on archbishops.
  • noun The mantle of gray matter forming the cerebral cortex.
  • noun The mantle of a mollusk or a brachiopod.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun The cerebral cortex, or that portion of it which forms the roof and sides of the lateral ventricles: this is termed the pallium, or brain mantle, as distinguished from the stem of the brain on which it rests.
  • noun In Roman antiquity, a voluminous rectangular mantle for men, corresponding to the Greek himation (see himation), and considered at Rome, because worn by Greek savants, as the particular dress of philosophers; also, a toga or other outer garment; a curtain, etc., of rectangular shape.
  • noun Eccles.: In the early church, a large mantle worn by Christian philosophers, ascetics, and monks.
  • noun A vestment worn by certain bishops, especially patriarchs and metropolitans.
  • noun An alter-cloth; a frontal or pall.
  • noun In conchology, the mantle, mantle-flap, or mantle-skirt of a mollusk, an outgrowth of the dorsal body-wall.
  • noun In ornithology, the mantle; the stragulum; the back and folded wings together, in any way distinguished, as by color in a gull, etc.
  • noun 5. A cirro-stratus cloud when it forms a uniform sheet over the whole sky.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun (Anc. Costume) A large, square, woolen cloak which enveloped the whole person, worn by the Greeks and by certain Romans. It is the Roman name of a Greek garment.
  • noun (R. C. Ch.) A band of white wool, worn on the shoulders, with four purple crosses worked on it; a pall.
  • noun The mantle of a bivalve. See Mantle.
  • noun The mantle of a bird.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun A woollen vestment conferred on archbishops by the Pope.
  • noun historical A large cloak worn by Greek philosophers and teachers.
  • noun zoology The mantle of a mollusc.
  • noun meteorology A sheet of cloud covering the whole sky, especially nimbostratus.
  • noun anatomy The cerebral cortex.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun cloak or mantle worn by men in ancient Rome
  • noun (Roman Catholic Church) vestment consisting of a band encircling the shoulders with two lappets hanging in front and back
  • noun (zoology) a protective layer of epidermis in mollusks or brachiopods that secretes a substance forming the shell
  • noun the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrum

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Latin.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Latin pallium ("a cloak").

Examples

  • The word pallium, or palla, was originally used of all kinds of coverings, notably of what we now call the altar-cloths, and also of the corporal.

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 3: Brownson-Clairvaux

  • The man in the picture is wearing the pallium, which is the strip of cloth with black crosses that encircles his neck and hands down in front.

    Who is this guy?

  • The man in the picture is wearing the pallium, which is the strip of cloth with black crosses that encircles his neck and hands down in front.

    Archive 2006-06-01

  • Popes also began wearing a white woolen cloak, call a pallium, to symbolize their ecclesiastical rank.

    CNN Transcript Apr 24, 2005

  • Popes also began wearing a white woolen cloak called a pallium, to symbolize their ecclesiastical rank.

    CNN Transcript Apr 24, 2005

  • This is a longer pallium, which is an attempt to go back to the original model in the early centuries of the church.

    CNN Transcript Apr 24, 2005

  • The pallium is a white woolen vestment worn by the Pope and sent by him to patriarchs, primates and archbishops.

    Baltimore Catechism No. 3 (of 4)

  • In the sixth century the pallium was the symbol of the papal office and the papal power, and for this reason Pope Felix transmitted his pallium to his archdeacon, when, contrary to custom, he nominated him his successor.

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 11: New Mexico-Philip

  • In England the pallium has been the principal charge in the official archiepiscopal coats.

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 7: Gregory XII-Infallability

  • The pallium is a circular band of white wool with two pendants symbolizing the twin responsibilities of shepherding the flock entrusted to archbishops and fostering communion with the pope.

    JSOnline.com

Comments

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  • "As they drew even with the gate surrounding the hollow, Vittoria gazed down at the golden coffer surrounded by scores of glowing oil lamps.

    'St Peter's bones?' she asked, knowing full well that they were. Everyone who came to St Peter's knew what was in the golden casket.

    'Actually, no,' the camerlengo said. 'A common misconception. That's not a reliquary. The box holds palliums - woven sashes that the Pope gives to newly elected cardinals.'"

    - 'Angels and Demons', Dan Brown.

    February 28, 2008