There is nothing random about my reading Baratynsky; he's a poet I have been reading, thinking about, sometimes writing about, and occasionally translating for nearly 30 years. By the way, there was a mistake in my first comment (now corrected): Paphos is a town on the island of Cyprus, not an island itself.
Thanks, Mia, but to be honest, I translated that poem years ago. I think I first came across the word Paphian, in the sense of relating to Aphrodite, in Homer. But Baratynsky's use I find very amusing. Baratynsky probably got his Paphian pilgrimesses from Byron, whose Childe Harold visits a brothel that was once a monastery:
"Monastic dome! condemned to uses vile!
Where Superstition once had made her den
Now Paphian girls were known to sing and smile …"
– Byron, Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, I.vii.5–7
Here "Superstition" refers to the Christian religion.
The word refers to the town of Paphos on Cyprus, the site of the most important temple to Aphrodite. Properly (at least traditionally), it should be capitalized: Paphian. In the 1824 poem "Justification" (Оправдание), the Russian poet Evgeny Baratynsky euphemistically refers to prostitutes as "Paphian pilgrimesses":