Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Of, relating to, or obtained from the parathyroid glands: a parathyroid extract.
  • n. The parathyroid gland.
  • n. A parathyroid hormone.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Situated near the thyroid gland.
  • adj. Pertaining to the parathyroid glands or their extracts.
  • n. The parathyroid gland.
  • n. A parathyroid hormone.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Lying in the vicinity of the thyroid; specifically, noting several small masses of glandular tissue similar in appearance, but not in function, to the thyroid gland and situated in close proxmity to it.
  • n. One of the parathyroid glands.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. any one of four endocrine glands situated above or within the thyroid gland

Etymologies

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

para- +‎ thyroid

Examples

  • In case of calcium phosphate stones, oversecretion of hormone known as parathyroid causes calcium loss from the bones with increased excretion of calcium through urine.

    Natural Remedies for Curing Kidney Stones

  • Dr. Donahue found that bears have a uniquely potent form of a substance called parathyroid hormone, which helps maintain bones.

    Bear Bones

  • As part of the trial, 105 participants will be randomly assigned to receive either teriparitide, a drug that already is FDA-approved for osteoporosis treatment, or an experimental agent called parathyroid hormone-related protein.

    The HAQ Frequently Asked Questions by Belisarius (Part II)

  • No space for details, but: if your doctor tells you that very high blood-calcium levels may indicate an abnormal parathyroid gland, listen up!

    How I Survived China

  • The baby's calcium level can also be affected by the cervical teratoma because of its effect on the parathyroid glands.

    Giant Neck Masses (GNM), Cervical Teratoma

  • Risk-reducing prophylactic thyroidectomy (surgical removal of the entire thyroid gland) and sometimes parathyroidectomy (surgical removal of the parathyroid glands) may be necessary shortly after birth in children with more severe RET alterations.

    Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2

  • FMTC is diagnosed in families with four or more cases of MTC in the absence of pheochromocytoma or parathyroid adenoma or hyperplasia, and is considered a variant of MEN2A.

    Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2

  • Familial medullary thyroid cancer (FMTC) is associated with an increased riskof developing medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) in early or middle adulthood, but it is not associated with the development of pheochromocytoma or parathyroid disease.

    Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2

  • MEN2A is diagnosed clinically by the occurrence of two or more endocrine cancers (specifically medullary cancer of the thyroid, pheochromocytoma, and parathyroid adenoma/hyperplasia) in a person or in close relatives (such as a parent or sibling).

    Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2

  • If you are taking high doses (10,000 IU a day) your doctor must also check your calcium, phosphorous, and parathyroid hormone levels every 3 months

    Dr. Frank Lipman: Vitamin D: What You Need To Know

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