from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The expression of the passions or emotions; the science of the signs by which human passions are indicated.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Expression of the passions; the science of the signs by which human passions are indicated.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The science of the signs by which human passions are indicated.
- n. The study of the symptoms or signs of particular diseases.
It is the underlying substance, the fundamental datum, and we disregard it; what interests us is its pathognomy, its play of feature during conversation.
The science of physiognomy is one of the principal means of a knowledge of mankind: arts of dissimulation do not come within the range of physiognomy, but within that of mere pathognomy and mimicry.
Moreover, when we speak to him, nay, only hear others speak to him, our attention is taken away from his real physiognomy; because it is the substance, that which is given fundamentally, and we disregard it; and we only pay attention to its pathognomy, its play of feature while speaking.
This is precisely why I recommend the physiognomy of a man to be studied when he is alone and left to his own thoughts, and before he has been conversed with; partly because it is only then that his physiognomy can be seen purely and simply, since in conversation pathognomy immediately steps in, and he then resorts to the arts of dissimulation which he has acquired; and partly because personal intercourse, even of the slightest nature, makes us prejudiced, and in consequence impairs our judgment.