from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Alternative form of paviage.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. See paviage.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A toll or duty payable for the liberty of passing over the soil or territory of another.
- n. Money paid toward paving streets or highways.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a tax toward paving streets
- n. the act of applying paving materials to an area
The point therefore stands that the pavage is one of those elements of early transport history that strongly suggests top-down directed state provision is not the only option.
My point in mentioning the pavage was precisely that it was one of the substitutes for what are now the functions of local government.
At first sight pavage may not appear an exact analogy to the turnpike system, which relied on voluntary private investment.
For three days, the three busiest of the year, when we might do well out of tolls on carts and pack-horses and man-loads passing through the town to reach the fair, we must levy no charges, neither murage nor pavage.
"All we ask is that you will hold back a tithe of the dues you pay to the abbey, and pay them instead to the town for murage and pavage.