from The Century Dictionary.
- noun An optical instrument which produces the representation of actual motion, as in leaping, walking, flying, etc.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun A revolving disk on which figures drawn in different relative attitudes are seen successively, so as to produce the appearance of an object in actual motion, as an animal leaping, etc., in consequence of the persistence of the successive visual impressions of the retina. It is often arranged so that the figures may be projected upon a screen.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun An early animation device consisting of a disc or drum which rotated, showing successive images through slits, often via a mirror, thus producing the illusion of motion.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
On the other hand if the essential feature of the moving pictures is the combination of various views into one connected impression, we must look back to the days of the phenakistoscope which had scientific interest only; it is more than eighty years since it was invented.
Stampfer called them the stroboscopic disks, Plateau the phenakistoscope.
The problem did not arise with the kinetoscope only but had interested the preceding generations who amused themselves with the phenakistoscope and the stroboscopic disks or the magic cylinder of the zoötrope and bioscope.
There are plenty of treats - from Mareys's bronze cast of a bird in flight, of which only three exist, to an opportunity to play with a zoetrope, praxinoscope and phenakistoscope (try saying those afterwards at the pub) to a cabinet showing the comic world's attempt to show motion via whoosh lines and multiple legs.
There's a hydrogen rocket project, a laser in a lunchbox, plans for building a motorized, Arduino-powered phenakistoscope, an homage to maker toys of the 1960s, and a how-to on toilet-training your cat.
- A phenakistoscope [don’t ask, I have no idea either] - Lyric cards