phenolsulphonic love

phenolsulphonic

Definitions

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Derived from phenol and sulphuric acid.

Etymologies

Sorry, no etymologies found.

Examples

  • In practice, the results of condensing phenolsulphonic acid with formaldehyde are manifold, according to whether these materials are used in their concentrated or dilute state; whether they interact in the cold or when heated; or whether their interaction is gradual or rapid.

    Synthetic Tannins

  • This may be done by acting upon two molecules of concentrated phenolsulphonic acid with one molecule of formaldehyde, the temperature thereby not exceeding 35°C.

    Synthetic Tannins

  • Similarly, by treating a pelt with 400 c.c. of a half-neutralised solution of phenolsulphonic acid (3º Bé.) plus 8 c.c. formaldehyde, and adding after eighteen hours sulphited quebracho extract to the same bath, strengthening the latter to 6º Bé., the pelt was converted into leather in two days; in this case, however, much of the tannin was precipitated by the formaldehyde present in the solution.

    Synthetic Tannins

  • Finally, if the amounts of concentrated phenolsulphonic acid and formaldehyde stated above are mixed, strong effervescence occurs and heat is evolved, and a dirty blackish-violet mass is instantly formed which, on cooling, yields a rather brittle, hard product insoluble in water.

    Synthetic Tannins

  • If benzaldehyde is used in lieu of acetaldehyde for condensing phenolsulphonic acid, a water-soluble product results, exhibiting reactions similar to those of the acetaldehyde-condensation product.

    Synthetic Tannins

  • If the latter is firstly added drop by drop to the phenolsulphonic acid, a gel immediately results, the temperature of which quickly increases on further addition of formaldehyde and suddenly boils over, yielding a reaction product which, when cooled, forms a dirty violet, firm, elastic, and rubbery mass, insoluble in alkalies and hardly affected by organic solvents.

    Synthetic Tannins

  • Relatively to its capability of solubilising phlobaphenes, this product exhibits similar properties to that obtained by merely heating phenolsulphonic acid, to a slight extent only solubilising quebracho extract, which, on diluting the mixture, is completely thrown out of solution.

    Synthetic Tannins

  • To prevent separation of insoluble matter during tannage, another experiment was carried out, in which the pelts were first submitted to the action of formaldehyde (10, 20, and 40 gm. in 500 c.c. water) for three days, being subsequently removed to fresh solutions of partly neutralised phenolsulphonic acid (_cf_. above).

    Synthetic Tannins

  • Its behaviour towards pelt is very similar to that of phenolsulphonic acid, and it yields a similar leather.

    Synthetic Tannins

  • This clearly proves that free and condensed phenolsulphonic acids as such are not capable of completely solubilising phlobaphenes, whereas the sodium salts of free and condensed phenolsulphonic acids possess this property.

    Synthetic Tannins

Comments

Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.