from The Century Dictionary.
- noun In botany, a stipitate fruit, that is, one in which the ovary is borne by a gynophore.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun (Bot.) A stem, or footstalk, supporting the fruit.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun Any of several
coniferous trees, of the genus Podocarpus, from the southern hemisphere
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun any evergreen in the southern hemisphere of the genus Podocarpus having a pulpy fruit with one hard seed
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The site holds several Gondwanan relict species as well, surviving in restricted microsites, such as the Wollemi pine Wollemia nobilis only discovered in 1994 in an almost inaccessible gorge, the shrub Acrophyllum australe and the podocarp Microstrobus fitzgeraldii, restricted to wet rocks near waterfalls and only recorded in the Jamieson Valley.
The country's largest populations of endemic yellow-crowned parakeet Cyanoramphus auriceps is found in the South-West's tall lowland beech forests and dense podocarp forests.
In all, 14 podocarp species occur in the South-West (10 of them being forest trees) and their distribution is strongly controlled by landform, soil and climatic factors.
The montane beech or beech/podocarp forests that fringe most of the Alps and line the lower elevation passes through the mountains provide important habitat for two globably threatened endemic birds.
Tall podocarp trees (rimu, miro, Hall's totara) then succeed and the end point of this sequence can be found on the higher glacial outwash surfaces (around 25,000 years old); here the extremely leached, infertile soils can only support a stunted heath and bog vegetation.
To the south, there are dense podocarp forests and in the west, mountain beech (Northofagus solandri cliffortioides) or beech/podocarp forest grows along with great expanses of fire-induced red tussocks below the treeline.
The forest cover is primarily beech (Nothofagus spp) at higher altitudes, with podocarp/broadleaf or podocarp/beech associations in sheltered sites.
Its forest relative, the kaka N. meridionalis, is found most abundantly in the beech/podocarp forests of southern South Westland and south-east Fiordland, particularly Waitutu.
This region has a diverse range of habitats from high alpine areas and tussock herbfields to lowland podocarp forests.
Closer to the main divide more mesic species are found growing in the understory and on the western side of the Alps there are also areas of mixed silver beech/podocarp forest and mixed rata (Metrosideros umbellata)/podocarp forest.