from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A Mexican herdsman's hut.
- n. A village of these huts.
- n. Southwestern U.S. A rural Native American settlement.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A dwelling place of a ranchero.
- n. A small settlement or collection of ranchos, or rude huts, esp. for Indians.
- n. Formerly, in the Philippines, a political division of the pagan tribes.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In Mexico, the dwelling-place of a ranchero or of rancheros; a herdsman's hut, or a village of herders; hence, a settlement, more or less permanent, of Indians.
 A rancheria is a small dependent settlement of Christianized people.
He knew of a depository of wax-candles, and the church of the rancheria was the place in which they were kept.
The mountain side, as he well knew, was thickly strewn with dry branches, dead limbs, uprooted trees and all manner of combustible material, and the very warriors who, when around their own "rancheria," would have disdained doing a stroke of work of any kind, were now laboring like so many beavers to add to the great pile that was already almost on a level with the breastwork and not more than eight feet away.
It was a four-days 'hard march to the locality where Captain Buxton counted on finding his victims; and when on the fourth day, rather tired and not particularly enthusiastic, the command bivouacked along the banks of a mountain-torrent, a safe distance from the supposed location of the Indian stronghold, he sent forward his Apache Mojave allies to make a stealthy reconnoissance, feeling confident that soon after nightfall they would return with the intelligence that the enemy were lazily resting in their "rancheria," all unsuspicious of his approach, and that at daybreak he would pounce upon and annihilate them.
In 1723 they recorded a bloody attack against an Apache rancheria.
They began their journey from Ocojala, a small rancheria, where both of the children were born.
The summer months in California brought such an onslaught of these that the residents of any Indian rancheria would have to burn their huts down and move to better grounds.
She reports that some land owners in the rancheria area of El Calaboz,
The native scouts, under halfbreed Archie Macintosh, worked far ahead of the command looking for the Apache rancheria supposed to be hidden in the mountain range known as Matitzal, or Four Peaks.
You sent the evil-eyed snake the messenger to my rancheria last night to beguile me into accepting a truce that you have proven false.