from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Same as shawm.
- n. In clarinet music, same as chalumeau, 2.
- n. In the bagpipe, same as chanter, 5.
- n. In organ-building, a soft reed-stop. Also called a musette.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The schalmei is mentioned as far back as Sebastian Virdung's "Musica getuscht und ausgezogen" (1511).
The instruments are viols and wooden wind instruments of the schalmei family.
The schalmei was developed into a whole family, enumerated by Prætorius in the work already mentioned.
But more probably it was one of the older reed instruments of the oboe family, the pommer or possibly a schalmei.
This is a schalmei sometimes referred to as a signal or Martin trumpet.
The highest of these, the little schalmei, was seldom used, but the "soprano schalmei is the primitive type of the modern oboe." [