Ignaz Seipel (1876-1932) was an Austrian churchman, political scientist and statesman who in the 1920s served two terms as chancellor of the newly formed Austrian republic. In a speech to the League of Nations in 1928 he asserted that:
Europe is divided by a line which separates two entirely different conceptions of the idea of the “Nation.�? On one side of the line are the peoples for whom the state is everything, and who also understand national sentiment as a great enthusiasm for the state to which they, of their own free will, belong. On the other side of that line of demarcation, the sentiment of civilization, of a common tongue and a common origin, preponderates.