from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Resembling a sponge in appearance or texture; spongy.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Like a sponge, porous, full of holes.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Resembling a sponge; soft and porous; porous.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Having the form or structure of a sponge; poriferous, as a member of the Spongiæ; of or pertaining to the Spongiæ.
- Sponge-like; spongy; soft, elastic, and porous, like an ordinary bath-sponge: noting various objects or substances not sponges.
CJD results in the brain literally being turned into sponge-like, hole-filled tissue (the reason the disease is also known as spongiform encephalopathy).
In describing the sponge-like ( "spongiform") nature of brains of infected animals, the vet mentioned "Holes in the brain are not good, not conducive to long life."
They suggested that such "spongiform" brain disorders were caused not by conventional agents such as viruses and bacteria, but a novel type of infectious agent: a rogue protein.
Because of the "primitive" appearance of the heart, it is sometimes called "spongiform" or "embryonal" cardiomyopathy, and is thought to be caused by incomplete heart cell maturation.
CWD belongsto a family of diseases known as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs).
Dirty, crowded conditions on factory farms can propagate sickness and disease among the animals, including swine influenza (H1N1), avian influenza (H5N1), foot-and-mouth disease, and mad-cow disease (bovine spongiform encephalopathy).
Over the past decade, Spain has tightened controls on beef in large part following an outbreak of “mad cow disease” (bovine spongiform encephalopathy) in the late 1990s and early 2000s.
Disease, however, can also curtail U.S. exports, which is what happened in 2004 after an outbreak of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, known as mad-cow disease.
New variant Creutzfeld-Jacob disease and bovine spongiform encephalopathy.
In South Korea, imports of U.S. beef have led to riots; opponents say they fear imports are infected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy — mad cow disease.