from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun Botany A cushionlike swelling at the base of a moss capsule.
from The Century Dictionary.
- noun In pathology: Scrofula.
- noun Goiter.
- noun In botany, a cushion-like swelling or dilatation of or on an organ, as that at the extremity of the petiole of many leaves, or at one side of the base of the capsule in many mosses.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun (Med.) Scrofula.
- noun (Bot.) A cushionlike swelling on any organ; especially, that at the base of the capsule in many mosses.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun abnormally enlarged thyroid gland; can result from underproduction or overproduction of hormone or from a deficiency of iodine in the diet
- noun a form of tuberculosis characterized by swellings of the lymphatic glands
from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
A military doctor, who seemed an elderly man to me, poked his finger at my neck, uttered the diagnosis "struma" and sent me to a civil group.
Aleacman now Peleca, another stream in Thessaly, turns cattle most part white, si polui ducas, L. Aubanus Rohemus refers that  struma or poke of the Bavarians and Styrians to the nature of their waters, as  Munster doth that of Valesians in the Alps, and  Bodine supposeth the stuttering of some families in Aquitania, about
The bleeding stopped, and, like the struma, it did not show itself anymore.
Laurentius reports that Francis I, when a prisoner in Spain, cured a great number of people of struma (scrofula).
Its title is derived as some think, from struma, because curative  thereof.
The woodlouse, sowpig, or hoglouse abounds with a nitrous salt which has long found favour for curing scrofulous  disease, and inveterate struma, as also against some kinds of stone in the bladder.
The necessity for such instruction is somewhat indicated, in the effect upon the prenatal state, of such conditions as scrofula or struma, of various forms of tuberculosis and syphilis, of epilepsy, of rheumatism, and of insanity.
Theodor von Billroth (1829-94; extirpation of the larynx and struma, resection of the pylorus) and Richard von Volkmann (1830-89; surgery of the joints).
Surgery will relieve the compression of struma and benign neoplasms, and may be indicated in certain neoplasms of malignant origin.
The fact is that the England of that day seems to have been very full of that hereditary form of chronic ill-health which we call by the general name of struma.