from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A natural grease formed from dried perspiration found in the fleece of sheep, used as a source of potash.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A substance obtained from the wool of sheep, consisting largely of potash mixed with fatty and earthy matters.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A peculiar substance obtained from the wool of sheep, consisting largely of potash mixed with fatty and earthy matters. It is used as a source of potash and also for the manufacture of gas.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The natural grease of wool, consisting of insoluble soapy matter combined with a soluble salt containing from 15 to 33 per cent. of potash, which may be extracted commercially from the wool-washings.
First there is a small quantity of dirt; there is what is called the suint, a kind of soapy matter, which can be removed by washing in hot water.
Maumene and Rogelet patented the use of the water in which wool has been washed as a source of potash, and at present the extraction of potash from _suint_ is practiced in France on a large scale.
This _suint_ contains always about 52 per cent. of residue when ignited.
Wool in its unwashed state contains a considerable proportion of what is termed _suint_.
This, again, is not wholly a new process, for various attempts have been made to dissolve out the yolk, or _suint_, or greasy matter from unwashed wool, as it comes from the back of the sheep.
And this estimate does not include the fats of the _suint_, which are worth an even greater sum.
It is easily seen that _suint_ forms a very important constituent of raw wool.
It has not the composition of ordinary _suint_, inasmuch as it contains no carbonate of potash, and indeed little mineral matter of any kind.
By this method all the wool fat, suint, etc., of the wool find their way into the soap liquors.
The wool suint consists largely of the potash soaps of oleic and stearic acids.