Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. See Jerusalem artichoke.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. the Jerusalem artichoke

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. sunflower tuber eaten raw or boiled or sliced thin and fried as Saratoga chips

Etymologies

sun + (arti)choke.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

Examples

  • The sunchoke is the nonfibrous, plump tuber of a North American sunflower Helianthus tuberosus, whose traditional and obscure name is “Jerusalem artichoke.”

    On Food and Cooking, The Science and Lore of the Kitchen

  • Agnolottis are similar to tortellini; a sunchoke is a root reminiscent of a potato.

    The Seattle Times

  • The first course stole my heart: delicate grilled grouper atop a velvety sunchoke puree, with a drizzle of green olive tapenade.

    Big Girls, Small Kitchen: Eats of the Pacific Northwest

  • Mimi Ritzen Crawford for The Wall Street Journal Lobster noodles (lobster, cod, sunchoke and hen of the woods).

    Oodles of Noodles

  • The duck noodle soup (Muscovy duck, roasted peppers, $15) and the decadent lobster noodles (lobster, cod, sunchoke, hen of the woods mushrooms, $19) have been popular "mainstream" items so far, Mr. Bogner said.

    Oodles of Noodles

  • Prop Styling by DSM MEAT AND TWO VEG | Steak seasoned with kosher salt and lemon is joined by silky greens and a creamy sunchoke puré.

    Skirt Steak With Spinach and Jerusalem Artichoke Smash

  • In addition to those tart, star-anise-accented pickle rinds (try them in place of cornichons), don't miss turmeric-tinged sunchoke relish (put it on your next frank).

    Bits & Bites

  • Even when he's not messing with Mr. Sohm, Mr. Ripert poses some pretty serious challenges with his exotically spiced and sauced seafood, like the aforementioned baked lobster (so far, so good) with red-wine-braised sunchoke (uh-oh) with fava-sprout bergamot reduction (WTF?)

    The Odd Couple of Food and Wine

  • For baked lobster with red-wine-braised sunchoke and fava-sprout bergamot emulsion?

    The Odd Couple of Food and Wine

  • Le Bernardin's baked lobster with red-wine-braised sunchoke, fava sprout and bergamot emulsion is a sommelier's challenge.

    The Odd Couple of Food and Wine

Comments

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  • ~ Jerusalem artichoke is a tuberous-rooted perennial (Helianthus tuberosus) of the family Asteraceae (aster aster).
    ~ Native to North America, where it was early cultivated by the indigenous inhabitants.
    ~ In this context, the name Jerusalem is a corruption of girasole turning toward the sun, the Italian name for sunflower, or for any plant of the genus Helianthus of the family Asteraceae (aster family).
    ~ The edible tubers are somewhat potatolike, but the carbohydrate present is inulin rather than starch, and the flavor resembles that of artichokes.
    ~ Jerusalem artichoke is more favored as a food plant in Europe (where it was introduced in 1616) and China than in North America, where it is most frequently grown as stock feed.
    ~ The inulin is valuable also as a source of fructose for diabetics.
    Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia®

    January 19, 2009