from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Water which collects on the surface of the ground, and usually runs off into drains and sewers.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • About 52 percent of fresh surface-water withdrawals and about 96 percent of saline-water withdrawals were for thermoelectric-power use.

    Water Usage, Arnold Kling | EconLog | Library of Economics and Liberty

  • Groundwater can also have an important influence on the annual water budgets of arctic surface-water ecosystems.

    Freshwater ecosystems in the Arctic

  • Groundwater interactions with surface-water systems greatly influence water quality characteristics such as cation, anion, nutrient, and dissolved organic matter concentrations, and even the fate and behavior of toxic pollutants.

    Freshwater ecosystems in the Arctic

  • The largest uses of fresh surface water were power generation and irrigation, and the states with the largest fresh surface-water uses were California, Texas, Idaho and Illinois.

    United States Using Less Water than 35 Years Ago

  • The purchase of those wells will cost more than $50 million -- a market-maker price tag that's even catching the eye of the surface-water right owners.

    Liquid Gold

  • For oil shale, says Wikipedia, environmental impacts include acid drainage induced by the sudden rapid exposure and subsequent oxidation of formerly buried materials, the introduction of metals into surface-water and groundwater, increased erosion, sulfur-gas emissions, and air pollution caused by the production of particulates during processing, transport, and support activities.

    Coyote Blog » Blog Archive » Twisted Into Pretzels

  • Otherwise, however, operational weather modifiers who want to have an effect on agriculture and surface-water supplies have to work with the far more dynamic environment of stacked and vertically developing clouds — which include thunderstorms and the infinitely chaotic mixtures of stratocumulus associated with frontal bands.

    Weather as Weapon

  • The Environment Department said surface-water flows could be affected but added that direct impacts to ground water are unlikely if the drill holes are properly sealed.

    mjh's blog — 2005 — June

  • About 29 percent is discharged from the conterminous United States as surface-water flowing into the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans and across the borders into Canada and Mexico, about 2 percent is discharged as groundwater outflow, and about 2 percent is consumed by people, animals, plants, and used for industrial and commercial processes.


  • Thinking about the problem and the various difficulties — shallow fresh water getting infusions of old carbonate or decaying matter, etc. — it occurred to me to wonder whether there is a calcerous oceanic surface-water diatom one could use.

    Potential Academic Misconduct by the Euro Team « Climate Audit


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