from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A salt or ester of thiocyanic acid.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. any salt or ester of thiocyanic acid; or the -SCN radical or the SCN-1 anion
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Same as sulphocyanate.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In chem., a salt analagous in composition to a cyanate, but containing sulphur in place of oxygen, as potassium thiocyanate, KCNS, which is produced by the direct union of sulphur with potassium cyanide.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a salt of thiocyanic acid; formed when alkaline cyanides are fused with sulfur
Sorry, no etymologies found.
He hoped that the infrared absorbances of thiocyanate would tell us whether such bridging was taking place.
The Pearson theory of hard and soft ligands and metals was new and fashionable at the time, so Prof. Kline wanted me to find out if thiocyanate could simultaneously bind with its "soft" sulfur to a soft metal and its "hard" nitrogen to a hard metal, e.g. PhHg – SCN – Cr (III).
My first exposure to a research environment was in a National Science Foundation-sponsored summer research program at Ohio University in 1967, where I was assigned to work in the laboratory of Prof. Robert Kline on the ambident coordination of thiocyanate (SCN –).
It also sees through such chemical masking agents as cobaltous thiocyanate, which sophisticated drug dealers mix into cocaine to fool the Scott test.
One of the major types (sinigrin, also the major mustard precursor) tastes bitter itself but produces a nonbitter thiocyanate, while the other (progoitrin) is nonbitter but produces a bitter thiocyanate.
Last of the three was the best of them all, cobalt thiocyanate.
If more than 10 mg of cyanide is consumed, but not enough to be fatal, it is converted to a far less toxic substance called thiocyanate.
Intravenous injection of thiosulfate will increase the sulfur available to convert cyanide to thiocyanate.
"The affected population consumed flour made from short-soaked (one day) cassava roots and thus had high dietary exposure to cyanide (urinary thiocyanate in 31 children was 757 vs. 50 units for a population where cassava had been soaked for the normal three days)."
The thiocyanate is eventually excreted in the urine.