from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A thyroid protein that is the precursor to iodine-containing hormones and is typically present in the colloid of thyroid gland follicles.
- n. A substance extracted from the thyroid glands of hogs, formerly used as a thyroid hormone supplement to treat hypothyroidism.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A globulin, produced by the thyroid gland, that has a role in the production of the thyroid hormones
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. an iodine containing protein that is obtained from the thyroid gland and exhibits the general properties of the globulins
After a patient's initial treatment, the standard follow-up includes periodic ultrasound exams of the neck as well as blood tests to measure thyroglobulin, a protein that is an excellent tumor marker for differentiated thyroid cancer.
In one of the final steps involved in creating this pure thyroglobulin and assuring it was not altered, Rose injected that thyroglobulin—derived from rabbit thyroids—back into his rabbits.
They had produced antibodies to the thyroglobulin and developed lesions in their thyroids.
Your thyroid contains thyroglobulin protein, which binds to iodine to form hormones, which in turn influence essentially every organ, tissue and cell in your body.
Low serum thyroglobulin as a clue to the diagnosis of thyrotoxicosis factitia.
This had the properties associated with a group of proteins called "globulins" and was therefore named thyroglobulin (thy'roh-glob'-yoo-lin).
(This can be done artificially, to a certain extent, by adding iodine to casein, as I mentioned above,) The thyroxine molecules are then united with other, more common amino acids and stored as the large thyroglobulin molecule.
At need, the thyroxine content of the thyroglobulin is stripped off and sent out into the bloodstream.
Preparations of thyroglobulin itself were 30 times or so as rich in iodine as was the intact thyroid gland and contained up to almost i per cent iodine.
For this reason it quickly seemed clear that thyroglobulin was at best merely the stored form of the hormone, and that what passed into the bloodstream were small fragments of the thyroglobulin molecule.