from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Theology The belief that the soul is inherited from the parents along with the body.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The doctrine that the soul or spirit is inherited from one or both parents.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The doctrine that human souls are produced by the act of generation; -- opposed to creationism, and infusionism.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In theology, the doctrine that both the body and the soul of man are propagated, as opposed to creationism, which regards every soul as a new creation out of nothing. Also called generationism.
I probably should have paid better attention in Theology when we talked about the ideas on the origin of the soul because neither traducianism nor creationism seem to lend themselves to this concept, and perhaps there is a good reason those are the only options — at least, those are the only ones I remember being taken seriously, though perhaps Plato was mentioned.
For the background on traducianism, see the Catholic Encyclopedia article on it. posted by Brandon | 3:17 PM
To these, so to speak, original errors of the Monophysites, the Ethiopian Church added some of its own: e.g., the belief that the faith of the parents suffices to save their children that die unbaptized; the wholesale repudiation of all Ecumenical Councils held since the council of Ephesus, and the belief in traducianism as an explanation of the soul's origin.
All our souls were contained in Adam, and are transmitted to us with the taint of original sin upon them, — an ingenious if gross form of traducianism.
In future installments in this series I will explore the arguments both biblical and philosophical for and against the positions of traducianism and creationism.
The term creationism had previously referred to the creation of traducianism, where souls were said to have been inherited from one's parents.
The position of traducianism was first held and defended by the North African church father Tertullian (c.