Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. One of three men sharing public administration or civil authority in ancient Rome.
  • n. One of three people sharing public administration or civil authority.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. One member of a triumvirate

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. One of tree men united in public office or authority.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. One of three men united in office; specifically, in ancient Rome, a member of one of several groups of joint magistrates chosen for various purposes, as for establishing colonies, revising the lists of knights, guarding against fires by night, or to fill various extraordinary commissions on special occasions.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. one of a group of three sharing public administration or civil authority especially in ancient Rome

Etymologies

Middle English, from Latin, back-formation from triumvirī, board of three, from trium virum, of three men : trium, genitive pl. of trēs, three; + virum, archaic genitive pl. of vir, man.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Middle English back-formation from triumvirate. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Reportedly Phillips was sandbagged, gulled into believing that ex-HP CEO Mark Hurd was going to come into Oracle as some kind of triumvir alongside him and his fellow president

    Latest News from Virtualization Journal

  • Eveh tr’Anierh was what, in the language she had recently begun practicing to think in again after a brief hiatus, would have been called a triumvir.

    Rihannsu: The Bloodwing Voyages

  • a "triumvir," joined the senators in planning his ruin.

    Introductory American History

  • This left the third triumvir, Lepidus, with responsibility for the province of Africa, and Octavian with jurisdiction over Italy and the unpopular task of repossessing land and redistributing it among the military troops who had been promised a reward for supporting the triumvirs against Brutus and Cassius.

    Caesars’ Wives

  • In 27 BC, three years after the deaths of Antony and Cleopatra, Octavian made a great show of renouncing the extraordinary dictatorial powers granted him as a triumvir, pledging to restore the Republic and declining the trappings of despotic kingship.

    Caesars’ Wives

  • I leave it to you to decide how much of all this should be disseminated—Octavianus would make much of it, I fear, to the point of declaring war on his fellow triumvir.

    Antony and Cleopatra

  • But first Agrippa spread out a big map on the large table that served as a culling area for the myriad papers a busy triumvir collected in the course of his duties: Italia from the Adriatic to the Tuscan Sea, Sicilia, and Africa Province.

    Antony and Cleopatra

  • I am not a triumvir anymore, and if the early days of the war should go against me, some aspiring wolf on the front benches will spill me—Livia Drusilla, my hold on power is so tenuous!

    Antony and Cleopatra

  • As to the holy heart of Rome the great triumvir passed.

    Collected Poems

  • The triumvir, Power, has under him all the magistrates of arms, of artillery, of cavalry, of foot-soldiers, of architects, and of strategists; and the masters and many of the most excellent workmen obey the magistrates, the men of each art paying allegiance to their respective chiefs.

    The City of the Sun

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