from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- adjective Not derived; basic.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- adjective not
derived, not related.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adjective not derived; primary or simple
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
Ross distinguishes between derived and underived prima facie duties.
The underived ones are the duty to do the just thing, to act for the best, not to cause harm, to keep promises, and so on.
So derived reasons are variable, and underived ones invariant.
On this account, counter-examples will only do damage if they are aimed at the supposed underived reasons.
If it does give me a reason, it will because it is keyed in some way into an unvariable, underived reason.
The intrinsic desirability of such states of affairs as one's flourishing in life and health, in knowledge and in friendly relations with others, is articulated in foundational, underived principles of practical reasoning (reasoning towards choice and action).
The only underived reason for action is self-interest; that an act helps another does not by itself provide a reason for performing it, unless some connection can be made between the good of that other and one's own.
It produces the kind of intuition that is the "non-sequential" knowing underived from established fact or observable time-space events.
And the science of the king is of the latter nature; but the power which he exercises is underived and uncontrolled, — a characteristic which distinguishes him from heralds, prophets, and other inferior officers.
If one takes the doctrine of the monarchy of the Father in a modest sense, to mean that the existence of the Father alone is underived, and that of the other two persons is derived from the Father's, there is no dispute.