Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adv. To what place, result, or condition: Whither are we wandering?
  • conj. To which specified place or position: landed on the shores whither the storm had tossed them.
  • conj. To whatever place, result, or condition: "Whither thou goest, I will go” ( Ruth 1:16).

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adv. To which place.
  • conj. To which place
  • v. To wuther.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adv. To what place; -- used interrogatively
  • adv. To what or which place; -- used relatively.
  • adv. To what point, degree, end, conclusion, or design; whereunto; whereto; -- used in a sense not physical.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To make a rushing noise; make a tumult in the atmosphere; roar, rustle, or whistle, as the wind; bellow, as a bull.
  • To what place?
  • To what point or degree ? how far ?
  • To which place.
  • Whithersoever.
  • Where has now to a considerable extent taken the place, in conversational use, of whither: thus, it would seem rather stilted to say “whither are you going?” instead of “where are you going?” Whither is still used, however, in the more elevated or serious style, or when precision is required.

Etymologies

Middle English, from Old English hwider; see kwo- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old English hwæder. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • With these thoughts I reach the log cabin whither I am strongly drawn by the tie of a child to an aged mother.

    American Indian Stories

  • * The move was one leaving no visible outlet, and till the following year it remained uncertain whither it might lead.

    Autobiography and Other Memorials of Mrs. Gilbert, Formerly Ann Taylor

  • 'Gently, gently, my love – whither is your imagination carrying you?'

    Belinda

  • O Badi’a al-Jamal, dost thou not remember me nor say, ‘My sister Daulat Khatun whither is she gone?’

    The Book of The Thousand Nights And A Night

  • Presently, up came two of the cook’s boys in quest of fish and seeing Abu Sir, said to him, “O man, whither is the Captain gone?”

    The Book of The Thousand Nights And A Night

  • Mr. DeVere had indeed become worried about his daughters, when the storm arose, and, as they had left word whither they were going, Russ and Paul volunteered to go after them, taking raincoats and umbrellas.

    The Moving Picture Girls at Oak Farm or, Queer Happenings While Taking Rural Plays

  • She walked abroad daily in the Manor, and it was her custom to send me word whither she went, that

    Puck of Pook's Hill

  • Manor, and it was her custom to send me word whither she went, that I might set an archer or two behind and in front to guard her.

    Puck of Pook’s Hill

  • A pitying neighbor had given them their supper; and they were told that their mother had gone out early in the morning, soon after they had gone to business, and, re-appearing with a carter, had had her few possessions carried away, leaving no word whither she was bound, or message for the helpless children.

    Uncle Rutherford's Nieces A Story for Girls

  • In the box was half a dozen books on German philosophy (in German), twenty books on artificial intelligence and "whither" computers, and another fifty books or so with such arcane titles as Scottish Crofters: A Historical Ethnography of a Celtic Village.

    Daniel Krotz: Third Wave Feminism

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