Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Pertaining to Æolus, the god of the winds in Greek mythology, and hence sometimes (with or without a capital) to the wind in general: as, the Æolian Isles (now the Lipari islands, north of Sicily), the fabled home of the god. Also written Eolian and Aiolian.
- Due to atmospheric action; windblown: as, an æolian deposit: applied, in geology, to accumulations of detrital material, especially fine sand and loam, which have been carried to their present position by the wind. By far the most important deposit of this kind is the loess of northwestern China (see
loess), and it was to designate this peculiar and most remarkable formation that the term æolian was applied in geology in place of subaerial (which see). Also written eolian.
- Pertaining to the branch of the Greek race named from Æolus, son of Hellen, or to Æolia or Æolis, a district of Asia Minor north of Ionia colonized by and named from them.
- The ninth of the Gregorian church modes or scales. It was the fifth of the authentic modes, and consisted of a step + a half step + two steps + a half step + two steps, represented by the natural notes of the staff beginning with A and counting upward.
- n. A member of one of the three great divisions of the ancient Greek race, the two other divisions being the Dorian and the Ionian. Also written Eolian and Aiolian. The inhabitants of Æolis, of part of Thessaly, of Bœotia and much of central Greece, of Arcadia, and other districts not Dorian or Ionian, were commonly accounted Æolians. The Acheans, when not spoken of as a distinct race of Greeks, were also included among the Æolians.
- n. Same as Æolic.
- adj. alternative spelling of aeolian.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Of or pertaining to Æolia or Æolis, in Asia Minor, colonized by the Greeks, or to its inhabitants; æolic.
- adj. Pertaining to Æolus, the mythic god of the winds; aërial.
- adj. relating to or caused by wind.
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