Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • suffix Action or process: strangulation.
  • suffix The result of an action or process: acculturation.
  • suffix State, condition, or quality of: eburnation.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • suffix An action or process - e.g. hibernation.
  • suffix The result of an action or process - e.g. accumulation.
  • suffix A state or quality - e.g. exhilaration.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • A suffix forming nouns of action, and often equivalent to the verbal substantive in -ing. It sometimes has the further meanings of state, and that which results from the action. Many of these nouns have verbs in -ate; ; many are derived through the French; ; and many are formed on verbs ending in the Greek formative -ize (Fr. -ise).

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A suffix of Latin origin, occurring in nouns of action, etc.

Etymologies

Middle English -acioun, from Old French -ation, from Latin -ātiō, -ātiōn-, n. suff. : -ā-, stem vowel of verbs in -āre + -tiō, -tiōn-, abstract n. suff.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From the Latin suffix -ātiō, an alternative form of -tiō (from whence -tion). (Wiktionary)

Examples

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