from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Of or relating to a stage of tool culture of the Lower Paleolithic Period between the second and third interglacial periods, characterized by flaked bifacial hand axes.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Alternative spelling of Acheulean.
- n. Alternative spelling of Acheulean.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Of or pertaining to Saint-Acheul, in the Somme valley, northern France.
Thought to be our direct ancestors, these hominins probably mastered fire and were the first to develop cutting and butchering instruments known as Acheulian tools, named after an archaeological site in Saint-Acheul, France.
Since that discovery, paleontologists have unearthed evidence that the earliest chipped stone "Acheulian" hand axes originated in Africa about 1.8 million years ago.
Dennell writes, "this new evidence from Attirampakkam makes it all the more important that we find out what type of human species first brought Acheulian artifacts to South Asia."
Three occupation sites of the Acheulian culture (between 500,000 and a million years B.P.) have been found in the Park.
As Alun Salt expands upon in a similar post on Egnor's misplaced analogy, however, archaeology's "design detection" is understood only because of a body of background experience, observation, experimentation and general hypothesis testing has already informed us that an Acheulian handaxe, for example, was made by early Homo and is not the result of lightning bolts.
For instance, the Acheulian culture of early prehistory is named after the northern French town of St. Acheul, where the stone hand axes so characteristic of this culture are found.
Although only a few tools lay beside the fossil, Mary decided to sink an exploratory trench, and this time was rewarded with the discovery of a “fine Acheulian site about 400,000 years old,” as she wrote in her autobiography.
“In fact,” he has written, “it is still a trait among prehistorians today as can be seen when one hears such expressions as ‘my Neanderthals’, ‘my Acheulian’ or, indeed, ‘my site’!”
Made from chiseled stone, Acheulian tools improved upon the pebble-like chopping implements wielded by Homo erectus' more primitive cousins such as Homo habilis.
The earliest sites recovered in Asia and Europe contain pebble tools and flakes, but no sign of Acheulian technology like hand axes.
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