Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Ahura Mazda's adversary, the chief spirit of darkness and evil in Zoroastrianism.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. The hypostasis of chaos, destruction, evil in Zoroastrianism.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The Evil Principle or Being of the ancient Persians; the Prince of Darkness as opposer to Ormuzd, the King of Light.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the spirit of evil in Zoroastrianism; arch rival of Ormazd

Etymologies

Persian ahriman, from Middle Persian ahraman, from Avestan angrō mainiiuš, the evil spirit : angra-, evil + mainiiuš, spirit; see men-1 in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Persian اهریمن (Ahriman), from Middle Persian 𐭠𐭧𐭫𐭬𐭭𐭩 (Ahreman), from Avestan 𐬀𐬢𐬰𐬀 (aŋra, "destruction, destructive") and mainyu ("spirit, mind, essence, emanation etc."). Definable through the antithetical spenta mainyu ("bounteous spirit"). (Wiktionary)

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