from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- Anaxagoras 500?-428 B.C. Greek philosopher who correctly explained solar eclipses and held that objects are composed of infinitesimal particles that each contain mixtures of all the qualities of the object.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. An ancient Greek philosopher (c. 500 BC – 428 BC) from Clazomenae, who is famous for introducing the cosmological concept of Nous (mind), as an ordering force.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a presocratic Athenian philosopher who maintained that everything is composed of very small particles that were arranged by some eternal intelligence (500-428 BC)
Although Anaxagoras is not considered an atomist, he taught something that was amazingly prescient.
Following the precedent set by Weishaupt, classical pseudonyms were adopted by these leaders of the Jacobins, thus Chaumette was known as Anaxagoras, Clootz as Anacharsis, Danton as Horace, Lacroix as Publicola, and Ronsin as Scaevola ; again, after the manner of the Illuminati, the names of towns were changed and a revolutionary calendar was adopted.
"Anaxagoras," he says, "uses Mind only as a kind of last resort, dragging it in when he fails otherwise to account for a phenomenon, but never thinking of it else."
In search of primal, natural truths, revolutionaries looked back to pre-Christian antiquity -- adopting pagan names like "Anaxagoras" Chaumette and "Anacharsis" Cloots, idealizing above all the semimythic Pythagoras as the model intellect-turned-revolutionary and the Pythagorean belief in prime numbers, geometric forms, and the higher harmonies of music.
A generation later, Empedocles and Anaxagoras hypothesized the cause of solar eclipses, namely the cloaking of the Sun in the shadow of the Moon.
Anaxagoras was the originator of the idea of an Entity distinct from matter, which determined what matter does, so he got to define it.
In the West, Plato was an early proponent of something like this and as you well must know so was Anaxagoras.
Because Anaxagoras did not call his idea potato chips.
If memory serves, Anaxagoras was of the sixth century, and from the coast of Asia Minor, which would put him there after the Ionian invasion, so I'd guess he spoke an Ionian dialect.
I gave Anaxagoras the nod because of one of his teachings, that went (paraphrasing): "Everything is made out of everything, for how else could bread and water turn into flesh and bones and hair?"
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