American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The highest judicial and legislative council of ancient Athens.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A rocky hill in Athens, situated immediately to the west of the Acropolis; hence, the sovereign tribunal or council of elders which held its sittings on this hill from unrecorded antiquity. Though modified several times in its constitution, notably by Solon and Ephialtes, the Areopagus always retained the highest reputation for dignity, justice, and wisdom. Its functions were at once religious, political, and judicial; the scope of its action was thus much wider than that of a supreme court of the present day, extending not only to jurisdiction in cases of homicide and some others in which religion was concerned, and to a general censorship of all affairs of state, but even to the supervision of education, and to certain
- n. Hence Any body, company, or tribunal of which the decisions, opinions, or criticisms are final or carry great weight: as, the Areopagus of public opinion.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The highest judicial court at Athens. Its sessions were held on Mars' Hill. Hence, any high court or tribunal.
- n. the highest governmental assembly in ancient Athens (later a judicial court)
- n. a hill to the to the west of the Athenian acropolis where met the highest governmental council of ancient Athens and later a judicial court
- From Ancient Greek Άρειος Πάγος ("Areios Pagos"), the "Rock of Ares", which in classical times functioned as the high Court of Appeal for criminal and civil cases in Athens. (Wiktionary)
- Latin, from Greek Areios pagos, hill of Ares, Areopagus (where the tribunal met) : Areios, of Ares (from Arēs, Ares) + pagos, stiff mass, hill (from pēgnunai, pag-, to stick, stiffen; see pag- in Indo-European roots). (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Two are particularly named; one was an eminent man, Dionysius the Areopagite, one of that high court or great council that sat in Areopagus, or Mars ”
“Ares was acquitted, and this event is supposed to have given rise to the name Areopagus (or Hill of”
“Areopagus was composed of those who had served as Archons; for which latter reason the membership of the Areopagus is the only office which has continued to be a life-magistracy to the present day.”
“If one tries to understand it correctly, however, it will become obvious that the speech on the Areopagus is a powerful attack on the racial rites, myths and ethos of the Greeks.”
“This was the natural consequence of the facts that the Archons were elected under qualifications of birth and wealth, and that the Areopagus was composed of those who had served as Archons; for which latter reason the membership of the Areopagus is the only office which has continued to be a life-magistracy to the present day.”
“The Areopagus was the tribunal for the trial of cases wherein the charge against an individual was wilful murder and wounding, or a charge of arson or poisoning.”
“Archons; for which latter reason the membership of the Areopagus is the only office which has continued to be a life-magistracy to the present day.”
“The Areopagus was a rocky height in Athens, opposite the western end of the”
“Not far from the Areopagus is the Pnyx, where the free people of”
“Of all Paul's addresses reported in Acts, this address in the Areopagus is his longest to a pagan audience (cf. 14: 15ff).”
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