American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- Barbarossa 1 European name for Khair ed-Din. Died 1546. Greek-born Turkish corsair who with his brother Arouj (died 1518) ravaged the coasts of Spain, Italy, and Greece.
- See Frederick I.
- n. A nickname of several historical characters
- n. Operation Barbarossa The nickname of the Nazi invasion of Russia in World War II
- n. Holy Roman Emperor from 1152 to 1190; conceded supremacy to the pope; drowned leading the Third Crusade (1123-1190)
- n. Barbary pirate (died in 1546)
- Italian barba, beard + rossa, red (Wiktionary)
“BARBAROSSA BROTHERS: The red-bearded Barbarossa brothers (Aruj and younger brother Hizir) raided along Africa's Barbary Coast.”
“Lately he comes to my room and sits in the dark for hours rambling about something he calls Barbarossa; it takes you and me away from each other.”
“Again, most cultures have such a figure of legend (the emperor Barbarossa is perhaps the best-known example).”
“In February, 1941, as preparations for the surprise attack on Russia proceeded, he exclaimed to his generals: "When Barbarossa (the code word for the Russian campaign) commences, the world will hold its breath!”
“The fact that the Germans did well in Barbarossa doesn’t mean that their logistics were any good.”
“Everett Collection A painting shows Frederick I, called 'Barbarossa.”
“Teuber (pronounced "TOY-burr"), a dental technician living with his wife and three kids in a white row house in Rossdorf, Germany, had created a game a few years earlier called Barbarossa and the Riddlemaster , a sort of ur-Cranium in which players mold figures out of modeling clay while their opponents try to guess what the sculptures represent.”
“Now, the course of the war convinced him he could no longer count on her timidity; little did he know that within forty-eight hours Germany would invade Russia in an operation called Barbarossa and everything would change.”
“Right, right!" the red-bearded man, whose name was Frederick Munns but who was called Barbarossa by the others, shouted back.”
“At all events Urūj is the real Barbarossa, though modern writers generally give the name to his younger brother Kheyr-ed-dīn, who was only called Barbarossa on account of his kinship to the original.”
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