American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- A sixth-century A.D. Anglian kingdom in present-day northeast England and southeast Scotland. It was later part of the kingdom of Northumbria.
“Those whose names are followed by a B. or D. ruled only over Bernicia or Deira respectively.] _House of Bernicia_ _House of Deira_”
“His new kingdom was called Bernicia, and his principal fortress was on a rock by the sea at Bamborough.”
“Location: Unknown; however the territories of Bernicia and Dal Riada are a fair way apart see sketch map.”
“Northumbria had more or less united Bernicia and Deira by the time of these two battles and so had become quite a large territory, extending from at least Bamburgh in the north to at least the York area in the south, a distance of around 130 miles or so.”
“Bernicia and Dal Riada are separated by a similar distance.”
“Aethelferth of Bernicia, however, was nearly 200 miles from the heartland of his territory at Bebbanburgh modern Bamburgh.”
“That reminds me of Ida fortifying Bamburgh, which was presumably part of a foundation story about the origins of Bernicia, and would be consistent with your comment.”
“It was not on the east coast, since that area is accounted for by Bernicia and Deira, so that leaves a gap on the map in the area that is now north-west England and/or south-west Scotland, and it seems logical to place Rheged there.”
“Its king, Urien, is remembered in Historia Brittonum as having almost destroyed the Anglian kingdom of Bernicia, at a date some time before Aethelric became king of Bernicia in 593.”
“At the Battle of Degsastan in 603 Aethelferth of Bernicia defeated Aidan of Dal Riada, but ...”
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