American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- A region and former Muslim kingdom of western Africa occupying a vast plain in present-day northeast Nigeria. Founded in the 11th century, the kingdom reached the height of its power in the late 16th century. The region became part of Nigeria in 1902.
“Fulani begins jihad against Hausa 1804; invade Bornu 1808; found Adamawa emirate 1820; found Hamdallahi caliphate in Mali 1820; British trade 1885..”
“Hausa kingdoms and the Kanem-Bornu Empire prospered as trade posts between North and West Africa.”
“Bornu would be colonised apace; the naturalist would pass safely through Habes in his railway – car to the Upper Nile.”
“Now one of the rarest savanna antelopes in Nigeria, klipspringer were at one point found in Bauchi, Bornu and Zaria provinces, and were widespread on the Bauchi Plateau.”
“The native Sultans of Darfur, like those of Bornu and others further west, used white muslin as a face-wrap: hence, too, the ceremonies when spitting, etc., etc. The Kúfiyah or head-kerchief of the Arabs soon reached Europe and became in Low Latin Cuphia; in”
“Roman civilisation carried pederasty also to Northern Africa, where it took firm root, while the negro and negroid races to the South ignore the erotic perversion, except where imported by foreigners into such kingdoms as Bornu and Haussa.”
“Big men from Bornu, they are, but it will take all fifty of them to conquer me.”
“To you men of Bornu," she went on, and now her face, her head, her whole body seemed to wave with the torchlight.”
“The subject tribes included the Tibu, a desert race, of mixed negro and Stygian blood; and the Bagirmi, Mandingo, Dongola, Bornu, and other negro tribes of the grasslands to the south.”
“Many of the Tawarek, from Bornu as far as Timbuktu," wrote Heinrich Barth in the mid-1800s, "subsist more or less upon its seed.”
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