American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The subdivision of the Insular Celtic languages that includes Welsh, Breton, and Cornish.
- adj. Alternative form of Brythonic.
- Ultimately from Latin Brittonēs, Britons; see Briton. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“When the Celts first arrived in “Britain,” they spoke one language, named retroactively, as are most of these languages Brittonic, which evolved into Breton, Welsh, and Cornish.”
“The Brittonic sources suggest somewhat larger numbers, at 300 and 2100, respectively.”
“Rick - They were mentioned in an earlier post on Brittonic names in 'Anglo-Saxon' genealogies - which was nearly a year ago, so you have an impressive memory :- We can see Deira and Bernicia messily coalescing into Northumbria in Bede's History, and similar processes may well have applied at other times and places and on smaller scales, eventually resulting in the combination of multiple smaller units into larger ones.”
“Caedbaed contains the common Brittonic name element Cad- or Caed-, meaning ‘battle’.”
“If the name is genuine and represents a genuine ruler of Lindsey, it may indicate Brittonic familial or political connections.”
“As far as I know Carwannock has not been identified, but the first element ‘Car’ is the Brittonic ‘Caer’, meaning a fort.”
“Hereric was living in exile at the time of his death, at the court of a Brittonic king called Cerdic or Ceretic.”
“In turn, this interpretation is sometimes further extrapolated as indicating that Powys and Gwynedd, two of the major Brittonic kingdoms at the time, had formed a military alliance against Aethelferth of Bernicia/Northumbria, and/or as indicating that Gwynedd had some sort of territorial interest in Chester.”
“This suggests to me that the name was coined and established by people who spoke Welsh or its Brittonic ancestor.”
“In the concluding lines he takes a formal farewell of the Latian muse, and announces his purpose of adopting henceforth the "harsh and grating Brittonic idiom" (_Brittonicum stridens_).”
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