from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. An architectural style of the mid-20th century characterized by massive or monolithic forms, usually of poured concrete and typically unrelieved by exterior decoration.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A style of modernist architecture characterized by angular geometry and overt signs of the construction process.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Brutish quality; brutality.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The practice or exercise of brutality; inhumanity.
The name Brutalism -- from the French béton brut, the raw concrete used by Le Corbusier and favored by modernists -- is more commonly used today as a term of opprobrium by a public that profoundly dislikes the style's rough textures and powerful forms.
Commission characterized the old six-story cube as a "good example of a modern form of architecture known as Brutalism which is gaining notoriety and appreciation among architects and historic preservationists."
Not so fast, say the city's historic preservationists; it's a good example of the modern architectural style known as Brutalism and ought to be saved.
The architectural style of that building is called Brutalism, a Modernist style, and like all Modernist styles, is extremely unpopular with those that read about such things right now.
As I read on, of course, I realized that the term "Brutalism" was actually a nickname for the mainstream modern architecture pioneered by Le Corbusier, who was practically God Himself to the architecture schools and art history departments of my undergraduate years.
The design of The Hepworth Wakefield is unconventional, reviving Brutalism in an already fairly bleak Northern landscape.
Brutalism created Le Corbusier-inspired "streets in the sky", intended to mirror the roads in the slums they replaced, later epitomised by Erno Goldfinger's 1968 Trellick tower in North Kensington.
I did wonder if the setting, a town called New Bruton, was named for the architectural style of Brutalism.
Brutalism especially has become a scapegoat for the failure of that post-war welfare state optimism.
In the 1960s, modernists were wedded to the in-your-face raw concrete monumentality of Brutalism, arguably one of the less people-friendly and more offputting styles of all time.
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