Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • An ancient city of west-central Greece north of the Gulf of Patras. According to legend, the Calydonian boar, a gigantic beast sent by Artemis to devastate the city, was slain by Meleager, the son of the king of Calydon.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. An Ancient Greek city in the country of Ætolia, north of the Gulf of Patras in western Greece, situated on the west bank of the river Evenus.
  • proper n. The legendary founding king and eponym of the city of Calydon, whose failure to honour the goddess Artemis in a rite resulted in her sending the Calydonian Boar to lay waste to the city.

Etymologies

From Ancient Greek Καλυδών (Kaludōn). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Diomedes received from Daunus, as a dower with his wife, was called Calydon, from the city of Calydon, in his native Ætolia.] [Footnote 44: _Peucetian.

    The Metamorphoses of Ovid Literally Translated into English Prose, with Copious Notes and Explanations

  • Elsewhere, ancient Greek boars gallop up Mount Erymanthus pursued by Hercules or charge about Calydon until felled by Meleager and Atalanta.

    Stalking the Beast

  • Lewis Carroll's best parodies are pure poetry, but he was also capable of routine Victorian jocosity of producing a parody of Swinburne entitled (with a nod towards Atalanta in Calydon) 'Atalanta in Camden Town'.

    'The Oxford Book of Parodies'

  • After them from Calydon came the son of Oeneus, strong Meleagrus, and

    The Argonautica

  • B.C. 390 – 389.336 At a later date the Achaeans, being in possession of Calydon, a town from old times belonging to

    Hellenica

  • On reaching Rhium345 he crossed the gulf at that point and returned homewards, the more direct passage from Calydon to

    Hellenica

  • Peloponnesus, retired into the country of Aeolis, which is now called by the names of the towns Calydon and Pleuron, and to other places in the neighbourhood; also to Proschium in Aetolia.

    The History of the Peloponnesian War

  • From his fierce eyes there shone forth portentous fire: and once in high Calydon he slew the destroying beast, the fierce wild boar with gleaming tusks.

    Hesiod, Homeric Hymns, and Homerica

  • Meanwhile Eurylochus and his companions, finding that this force had entered and that it was impossible to storm the town, withdrew, not to Peloponnese, but to the country once called Aeolis, and now Calydon and Pleuron, and to the places in that neighbourhood, and Proschium in Aetolia; the

    The History of the Peloponnesian War

  • The genesis of "who'll reap the seeds I sow" is also Biblical (Galatians 6: 7; cf Swinburne, Atalanta in Calydon, stanza 3.) "These are the horns of the dilemma."

    The Crime, and Its Victims

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