from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- An ancient region of southern Mesopotamia. Settled c. 1000 B.C., it reached the height of its power under Nebuchadnezzar II. The Chaldean empire was destroyed by Persians in 539 B.C.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. a nation in the southern portion of Babylonia, Lower Mesopotamia, lying chiefly on the right bank of the Euphrates, but commonly used to refer to the whole of the Mesopotamian plain.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. an ancient kingdom in southern Mesopotamia; Babylonia conquered Israel in the 6th century BC and exiled the Jews to Babylon (where Daniel became a counselor to the king)
- n. an ancient region of Mesopotamia lying between the Euphrates delta and the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Desert; settled in 1000 BC and destroyed by the Persians in 539 BC; reached the height of its power under Nebuchadnezzar II
From Ancient Greek Χαλδαία (Khaldaia). (Wiktionary)