Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A monogram and symbol for Christ, consisting of the superimposed Greek letters chi (Χ) and rho (Ρ), often embroidered on altar cloths and clerical vestments. Also called Christogram.

Etymologies

chi1 + rho, first two letters of Greek Khrīstos, Christ.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

Examples

  • In the fifth century, emperors began weaving the Chi-Rho symbol together with the imperial seal.

    The Black Madonna

  • The gemstone had been sanded flat and carved with the Chi-Rho symbol.

    The Black Madonna

  • Cross with Chi-Rho, laurel wreath, and guards at the tomb, detail of 3rd C. panel, mid-4th century A.D.

    St Anselm 2

  • The Chi-Rho symbol was put on the shields of Constantine's soldiers (most of whom were pagans), and they won the battle.

    Robert S. McElvaine: Merry Xmas! -- O Unholy Night when Christ was Reborn

  • Quentin Hutchinson has remained silent since he found the early Christian Chi-Rho amulet while excavating a 4th-century grave near the Somerset town of Shepton Mallet in 1990.

    More on the Fake Christian Amulet

  • This revealed the Chi-Rho marking, an early Christian symbol formed by superimposing the first two letters, X and P, of the Greek word Christos, “the anointed one”.

    More on the Fake Christian Amulet

  • It also established that silver used to make the cross and the pierced disc that bears the Chi-Rho inscription comes from two sources.

    Archive 2008-09-01

  • One above, showing the Chi-Rho monogram, standing for Christ, with Alpha and Omega on each side, standing for the beginning and end, was found in the ruins of a fourth-century house-church at Lullingstone, Kent.

    Church of St Oswald, Widford, Oxfordshire

  • "X" is the Greek "Chi", part of the "Chi-Rho" used since ancient times as a symbol for Christ, and substituted to avoid taking the Lord's name in vain...

    I'm dreaming of a brown Xmas

  • An interesting find inside the destruction debris was the discovery of a stone with a Christian motive: a "Chi-Rho" referring to the first two letters of Christ.

    Interactive Dig Sagalassos - Domestic Area Report 6

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