from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • An island country in the eastern Mediterranean Sea south of Turkey. Site of an ancient Neolithic culture, the island was settled by Phoenicians c. 800 BC and thereafter fell successively to the Assyrians, Egyptians, Persians, Macedonian Greeks, and finally Romans (58 BC). The Byzantines controlled it from AD 395 until 1191, when it was captured by Richard I of England during the Third Crusade. Venice annexed it in 1489, Turkey conquered it in 1571, and Great Britain annexed it in 1914. Cyprus became independent in 1960, but large-scale fighting between Greek and Turkish Cypriots led to the installment of a UN peacekeeping force in 1964. In 1974 Turkey invaded Cyprus and established a de facto independent Turkish state in the northern part of the island. Nicosia is the capital of Cyprus and the largest city.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun Same as cypress.
  • noun The Latin name of a tree, Lawsonia alba, the common henna, growing in Cyprus and Egypt, yielding a fragrant oil.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun obsolete A thin, transparent stuff, the same as, or corresponding to, crape. It was either white or black, the latter being most common, and used for mourning.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • proper noun Country between Europe and the Middle East, in the Mediterranean Sea. Member state of the European Union since 2004. Official name: Republic of Cyprus.
  • proper noun Island between Europe and the Middle East, in the Mediterranean Sea.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun a country on the island of Cyprus; 80% of the people are of Greek origin and 20% or Turkish origin
  • noun an island in the eastern Mediterranean


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Via Latin Cyprus, from Ancient Greek Κύπρος (Kupros).


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