Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • A city of ancient Media on the site of present-day Hamadan in western Iran. It was captured by Cyrus the Great in 549 B.C. and plundered by Alexander, Seleucus I, and Antiochus III.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. Ancient city in Iran on the site of modern Hamadan. The capital of Media and subsequently a royal residence of Persian and Parthian kings.

Etymologies

From Latin Ecbatana, from Ancient Greek Ἐκβάτανα (Ekbatana). (Wiktionary)

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