American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- A city of ancient Media on the site of present-day Hamadan in western Iran. It was captured by Cyrus the Great in 549 B.C. and plundered by Alexander, Seleucus I, and Antiochus III.
- From Latin Ecbatana, from Ancient Greek Ἐκβάτανα (Ekbatana). (Wiktionary)
“Now Arphaxad king of the Medes had brought many nations under his dominions, and he built a very strong city, which he called Ecbatana,”
“And there was found in Ecbatana, which is a castle in the province of Media, a book in which this record was written.”
“(Ezra 6: 2), called Ecbatana by classical writers, the capital of northern Media.”
“Gaza, Gazaca, or Canzaca, is thought to have also been called Ecbatana, and to have been occasionally mistaken by the Greeks for the southern or real capital.”
The Seven Great Monarchies Of The Ancient Eastern World, Vol 3. (of 7): Media The History, Geography, And Antiquities Of Chaldaea, Assyria, Babylon, Media, Persia, Parthia, And Sassanian or New Persian Empire; With Maps and Illustrations.
“Ecbatana"], in the palace that is in the province of the Medes ”
“Alexander set out from Ecbatana after Darius with a strong but fast-moving force of cavalry and infantry.”
“Darius armed all the soldiers who had lost their weapons from the storehouses of Ecbatana and sent out messengers to the neighboring tribes demanding soldiers to carry on the fight.”
“There were other capitals—Susa, Babylon, Ecbatana—but these were conquered cities that had been taken over during wars of expansion.”
“Ecbatana: Modern Hamadan in western Iran, it was the Median capital and major palace center under the Persian Empire.”
“To escape the heat of the approaching summer, Alexander did what all the Persian kings before him had done and retreated to the royal capital of Ecbatana in the cool mountains of Media far above the Mesopotamian plain.”
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