from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- A city of ancient Media on the site of present-day Hamadan in western Iran. It was captured by Cyrus the Great in 549 B.C. and plundered by Alexander, Seleucus I, and Antiochus III.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. Ancient city in Iran on the site of modern Hamadan. The capital of Media and subsequently a royal residence of Persian and Parthian kings.
From Latin Ecbatana, from Ancient Greek Ἐκβάτανα (Ekbatana). (Wiktionary)